Prokon C22 Beam Section: Powerful Design Results


Designing a beam to resist imposed torsional forces is a complex task. Beams are typically designed and oriented in a way that minimizes their exposure to torsional forces. However, in more intricate scenarios where beams experience these forces, the Beam Section module proves invaluable. This powerful tool aids in the design of concrete beam sections that encounter torsional forces, in addition to the usual bending moments and shear forces.

The inputs required for this process are remarkably straightforward. Beam torsion forces can be acquired by constructing a model in SUMO, running the analysis, and extracting the maximum torsional force values for a given profile. All inputs are outlined in the image below.

The challenge lies in interpreting the Design Results, presented as a comprehensive table containing numerous suggestions for shear and longitudinal reinforcing configurations. This table, detailed below, offers insights into the design outcomes.

The moment bars consist solely of longitudinal bars located at the bottom of the beam’s web. The shear and torsion (web) Asv/Sv values need to be combined, and from this sum, the appropriate link size and spacing can be determined. In the example mentioned, Asv/Sv nom is employed for the shear component. Consequently, the provided links must meet the requirement of 0.6 + 2.5543 = 3.1543. These links are positioned to extend from the top of the flange to the bottom of the web.

Beyond the shear links needed to satisfy web torsion, the Design Results dictate the inclusion of longitudinal bars (4Y20 – 1257mm²). The quantities of bars are halved, with one portion placed at the top of the flange within the web’s width, and the other portion positioned at the bottom of the web.

The shear links for torsion (flange) are dimensioned to fit within the flange of the beam, with longitudinal bars placed at the flange’s four corners, as depicted in the image below.

Upon appropriately placing all these bars and links in accordance with the Design Results, the beam is effectively reinforced. It’s possible that the arrangement of longitudinal bars might appear cluttered or fail to meet the minimum spacing requirement according to the coarse aggregate size of the concrete mix (typically 12-32mm). In such cases, the Combined Longitudinal Bars for Moment and Web Torsion section can be consulted. Any of the bottom bar configurations, coupled with the top bar configuration, can replace the longitudinal bars for both the moment and torsion (web) columns. Notably, these combinations do not impact the requirements for torsion (flange), which must still be adhered to as usual.

The Beam Section module streamlines the process of designing concrete beams to withstand torsional forces, automating an extensive range of calculations (all visible within the Calcsheet). Correctly understanding and applying the Design Results is crucial. I’m confident that the provided information will assist you in effectively interpreting and implementing these Design Results.

In conclusion, the Beam Section module offers a robust solution for the intricate task of designing concrete beams to withstand torsional forces. While the process involves deciphering a wealth of data in the Design Results, the module’s automated calculations greatly simplify the overall design process. By meticulously placing shear links and longitudinal bars according to these results, beams can be effectively reinforced. Remember, the module’s versatility accommodates adjustments to longitudinal bar configurations if spacing concerns arise. With a firm grasp of the Design Results, this tool empowers engineers to confidently navigate the challenges posed by torsional forces in concrete beam design

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